Inflammatory bowel disease, also known as IBD, is a term that describes a group of gastrointestinal disorders and diseases. The main types of IBD are Crohn’s Disease and Ulcerative Colitis.
Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory condition within the digestive tract that causes inflammation which can also spread to nearby tissues. The cause of Crohn’s disease is not clear but there are promising scientific advancements that are helping to identify risk factors that make a patient more likely to develop the condition. Other advances are finding new ways to help treat the condition.
There are complications such as bowel obstruction and an increased risk of colon cancer. Although Crohn’s can be treated it cannot be cured so it is important to try and minimise symptoms as well as complications.
Ulcerative Colitis, also known as UC, is an inflammatory condition that affects the large intestine. The condition can lead to sore, or ulcers, in the bowels that can cause pain in the abdomen and rectum.
Advancement in the treatment of Ulcerative Colitis has been promising and there are various medications that can be used to help control the symptoms and pain of the condition.
It is important to see your doctor if you have any long lasting discomfort or pain in the abdomen and bowels as the sooner these conditions are diagnosed the more positive outlook can be had due to symptom control and management.